Lean Metrics 101: What Is Flow? LAMP ep.2

Dima Moroz

Dima Moroz

Digital Marketing Specialist

Table of Contents:

"Any measurement system can be gamed. However, if I had you game a system, I would want you to game it in getting things done faster" - Daniel Vacanti

What is Flow? Is Flow project management just a fluke, yet another mantra in management? What are the core Lean performance metrics, and what do they mean? In this episode of the Lamp, we asked Daniel Vacanti, a renowned Kanban thought leader and CEO of Actionable Agile, what Kanban Flow is and what kind of Lean metrics there are to measure it.

Welcome to LAMP - Lean Agile Management Podcast, a show by Businessmap (formerly Kanbanize) where some of the brightest minds in Lean-Agile management talk about how leaders can boost work efficiency, create a culture of high performance, and build teams that thrive.

LAMP is available on YouTube and Apple Podcasts.

Listen to Lean Agile Management Podcast on Apple Podcasts

Interview Summary

In this episode of Lean Agile Management Podcast, Daniel Vacanti defines the three core metrics of Kanban:

  1. Cycle Time
  2. Throughput
  3. Work In Progress

He explains how they connect to the concept of Flow and Lean project management. Below you can find some of the key points from the interview.

What Is Flow and What Metrics Can We Use to Measure It?

Dan explains what Flow is and shows that establishing a Lean Flow creates the environment that helps us answer the two key questions of workflow management that usually disturb the peace of mind of every project manager:

  • When will it be done?
  • How many tasks can we get done by X date?

Stop Estimating. Start Measuring What Matters.

Establishing Flow is all about building a reliable system for work processing. Establishing the Flow is the key to being able to give a statistically significant answer to the two questions above. With Flow metrics, you don't need to guess or estimate when work on a project will be done. The Flow metrics give you hard data on the productivity, efficiency, and reliability of your production process.

Lean Manufacturing Metrics Are just as Relevant for Knowledge Work.

Some managers dismiss cycle time, throughput and WIP, the Lean metrics that stand behind the idea of Flow in Kanban, because of their origins in the manufacturing industry. They say these Lean metrics are not suitable for modern knowledge work environment. However, Dan Vacanti insists that managing Kanban flow is about delivering value. The Lean metrics help you capture the health of that process, and that is relevant in every context. These metrics serve 2 purposes and both are universally valuable:

  • Track the health of the process
  • Establish predictability of the process

Analysing cycle time, throughput and WIP data of your workflow set the foundation for measuring the efficiency of our workflow. Having this data, you can clearly say how much time work items spend in your production process and looking deeper into that, you can learn even more. What is causing bottlenecks in the workflow and where do we waste time? These are the questions you'll be able to answer.

The Dangers of Concentrating on just One Metric of Flow

You get what you measure, so be careful not to put too much stress on any one metric. Getting the wrong stuff faster doesn't help. Don't optimize your workflow for just one metric and don't set just one metric of operational level as a key KPI. Even more importantly, Lean Flow metrics are not to be used for sub-optimizing for individual performance. That has a negative impact on both the process and employee morale. Instead, make sure every measurement of success in your workflow contributes towards the answer to this question: what is the main problem that we are trying to solve? Flow thinking is all about the value.

Common Mistakes and Misinterpretations of Flow Management.

  • Not understanding the impact of WIP management on Flow
  • Capacity utilization - using up 100% of capacity is counterproductive, despite common thinking
  • Counterintuitive measures - in order to get more stuff done, you need to work on less

The Worst Mistakes in Workflow Management.

Measuring individual productivity is a terrible approach. Relative complexity measure - measuring estimates vs actual is not much better - we don't need to do estimating at all nor getting better at it.

What Do Successful Teams Do Differently to Achieve a Better Flow?

One piece of advice for teams who are getting started with this: assuming you want to optimize for flow and predictability, just start with these two things: collect the starting and finishing dates of a task and track WIP data. That's all you need to get started. When you're starting out with Lean workflow, looking at the start time and end time and analyzing the WIP aging data gives you the biggest insights.



Dima Moroz

Dima Moroz

Digital Marketing Specialist

An optimistic rationalist with a passion for writing, marketing, new tech.